25 Famous Australian Landmarks You Can’t Help But Fall In Love With

If you are looking for some inspiration for your next trip or you are building your Australia bucket list, we have 25 famous Australian landmarks to add to your list. From east to west and north to south, there is no shortage of famous landmarks in Australia to suit all types of travellers.

You really are spoilt for choice, with some of the world’s best beaches, UNESCO heritage listed National Parks, diverse and lively cities and areas of outstanding natural beauty to explore.

So whether you are searching for the most beautiful natural landmarks in Australia, famous buildings in Australia or the most spectacular Australian man made landmarks, you are sure to find it in our comprehensive list of famous Australian places.

Summary of Famous Landmarks In Australia

Below is a summary of all the iconic landmarks in Australia on our list, with some key facts about each landmark.

The list of Australian landmarks is in alphabetical order in this table, and are grouped by state in the sections below.

LandmarkStateTypeUNESCOBest TimeBest For
Bondi BeachNSWNaturalNoNov-MarSwimming
Bungle BunglesWANaturalYesMay-AugScenic Flight
Cape Byron LighthouseNSWMan madeNoYear roundSightseeing
Cradle MountainTASNaturalYesNov-AprHiking
Daintree RainforestQLDNaturalYesMay -SeptWalking
Great Barrier ReefQLDNaturalYesJun-OctSnorkelling
Great Ocean RoadVICMan madeNoOct-MarRoad trip
Kata TjutaNTNaturalYesApr-SeptHiking
Lake McKenzieQLDNaturalYesSept-NovSwimming
MONATASMan madeNoYear roundArt lovers
Nature's WindowWANaturalNoMay-OctHiking
Ningaloo ReefWANaturalYesMar-SeptDiving
Nitmiluk GorgeNTNaturalNoApr-SeptKayaking
Port ArthurTASMan madeYesNov-MayHistory Buffs
Rottnest IslandWANaturalNoNov-MaySwimming
Simpson DesertNTNaturalNoApr-OctOutback road trip
Story BridgeQLDMan madeNoYear roundSightseeing
Sydney Harbour BridgeNSWMan madeNoYear roundClimbing
Sydney Opera HouseNSWMan madeYesYear roundSightseeing
Twelve ApostlesVICNaturalNoJan-MarSightseeing
UbirrNTNaturalYesMay-SeptRock art
Whitehaven BeachQLDNaturalYesJun-OctSwimming
Wilpena PoundSANaturalNoApr-OctHiking
Wineglass BayTASNaturalNoDec-AprHiking

Famous Australian Landmarks Map

Our landmarks in Australia map is a handy reference to show you the location of each famous landmark of Australia.

The numbers are aligned with the sections below.

Famous Landmarks In Queensland

Queensland (QLD), also known as the Sunshine State is home to some of the most outstanding natural landmarks in Australia.

Queensland red highlighted in map of Australia

From beaches to coral reefs and ancient rainforests, there are plenty of reasons to add Queensland landmarks to your Australia bucket list.

Below are a few of the top landmarks of Queensland.

1. Great Barrier Reef

Being the largest coral reef system in the world, the Great Barrier Reef certainly earns its place on this list of world renowned Australian landmarks.

This World Heritage Site, which sits off the Queensland coast, consists of over 3000 individual reefs, encompasses some 900 islands and is home to an abundance of marine life.

So big is this living structure that it can even be seen from outer space!

Location: Coral Sea, Northern Queensland
When to go:
June – October
Reviews: Read traveller reviews

Aerial view of the Great Barrier Reef Queensland

The Great Barrier Reef stretches for over 2300 kilometres, starting from the Bundaberg coast in the south all the way to Papua New Guinea in the north so you can visit the reef from a variety of Queensland locations.

The two most popular destinations to visit the reef are the Whitsundays and Cairns, however you can also explore the reef from places such as Bundaberg, Gladstone and various Queensland islands.

The most popular way to experience the Great Barrier Reef is on a boat day trip. 

There are numerous operators to choose from with most including activities such as snorkelling, glass bottom boat rides, scuba diving and more. 

Don’t miss: Snorkelling with coral fish in crystal clear water on the Great Barrier Reef.

For those keen on a splurge, a magnificent way to explore the reef is by a scenic helicopter ride.

The Great Barrier Reef can be visited all year round. 

However, if you prefer to avoid the hottest time of the year, then the winter months may be your best bet for temperate weather and crystal clear water. 

Contributed by Melissa from Queensland Camping

2. Daintree Rainforest

There aren’t too many places in the world where you’ll find a 180-million-year-old rainforest.

In fact the Daintree Rainforest is a UNESCO World Heritage Listed Site sitting in tropical north Queensland.

It is the oldest continuously living rainforest in the world and truly one of Australia’s greatest natural wonders.

Location: Cape Tribulation, QLD
When to go: May – September
Reviews: Read traveller reviews

Walkway through Daintree Forest Far North Queensland

Visitors to this remote part of Australia are spoilt with some of the largest rainforest trees in the world and the opportunity to spot over 400 rare and endangered animal species.

The Daintree Discovery Centre offers visitors a skywalk and self-guided tour so visitors can discover the separate layers of the rainforest, including a spectacular canopy tower which allows for bird’s eye views over the forest.

Given the 1200 square kilometre Daintree Rainforest is coastal, there are also some spectacular and incredibly remote beaches to be discovered, including Cape Tribulation.

The coast here leads on to the Great Barrier Reef; the only place in the world where two UNESCO World Heritage sites meet.

Whilst a short boat crossing is needed to head deep in the Daintree, visitors can also visit the southernmost part of the Daintree from the spectacular Mossman Gorge, home of the Kuku Yuluanji people.

Don’t miss: Bring your bathers as swimming in the waterfalls is permitted in the right conditions, and you can tackle some easy to moderate walking trails through the forest.

You can visit the Daintree in both the wet and the dry season for quite different experiences.

The dry season (approximately May to October) brings with it cooler days for walking, but also colder water!

During the wet season, as the name might suggest, you’ll have much more rain and humidity along with higher temperatures, but you’ll also be able to witness the spectacular gorge in full flood.

Contributed by Keri from Our Globetrotters

3. Whitehaven Beach

Whitehaven Beach is one of Australia’s best beaches and is considered to have some of the whitest sand in the entire world with 98% silica content.

This beach is an absolute must-visit for anyone coming to Queensland especially if you enjoy the great outdoors.

Location: Whitsunday Island, QLD
When to go:
June – October
Reviews: Read traveller reviews

Whitehaven Beach Queensland

Located on the Whitsunday Islands, Whitehaven Beach is only reachable via boat.

The island itself is mostly uninhabited although some of the neighbouring islands have large resorts you can stay at.

Most tourists come to Whitehaven Beach for a day trip to explore the incredible scenery.

Don’t miss: Make sure to hike to the nearby lookout point for some of the best views of the beach.

Arriving early in the morning is highly advisable since large crowds of tourists usually arrive by mid-day.

You’ll love how crystal clear the water is, making it perfect for swimming, snorkelling and relaxing.

Sometimes you can even get lucky and spot sea turtles nearby.

Contributed by Victoria from Guide Your Travel

4. Lake McKenzie, Fraser Island

Located on Fraser Island, Lake McKenzie is one of the most famous natural landmarks in Australia.

This freshwater lake is known for its crystal clear water and beautiful beach.

Location: Fraser Island, QLD
When to go:
September – November
Reviews: Read traveller reviews

Lake McKenzie Fraser Island

The sand is made of silica (quartz powder). It’s incredibly white and soft. So much so that it can be used as a natural scrub!

The lake is a perched lake, which means it contains only rain water, with no water running in or out of the lake.

The water is also insanely beautiful. It’s completely see-through on the edge and deep blue in the centre.

Lake McKenzie is located on Fraser Island, a UNESCO protected site and the largest sand island in the world.

It is possible to stay on the island and explore all it has to offer, with accommodation and camping available.

Don’t miss: Watching the Sunrise from 75 mile beach.

Lake McKenzie is also located on K’Gari Great walk. If you love hiking, you can opt for exploring Fraser Island on foot however, make sure to be properly equipped.

How to get to Lake McKenzie

You can take the ferry from Hervey Bay or Rainbow Beach.

You will need a 4WD to board the boat. If you don’t have one (or don’t want to rent one), you can opt for a guided tour.

From the ferry terminal, it takes about 1 hour to get to Lake McKenzie.

You’ll find a large carpark where you can leave your vehicle. From there, walk down the footpath for a few minutes to get to the beach.

Note – No matter what, make sure not to carry food! Fraser Island is home to many dingoes. For safety purposes you should never walk around with food.

You will find toilet blocks and barbecues by the carpark.

Contributed by Pauline from BeeLoved City

5. Story Bridge

One of the most striking sights to see during a trip to Brisbane is the Story Bridge.

It might not be as well-known as the Sydney Harbour Bridge, but it’s impressive nonetheless and the cantilever bridge is the longest of its kind in Australia.

Location: Brisbane, QLD
When to go:
Year round
Reviews: Read traveller reviews

Story Bridge with Brisbane river and City in background.

The bridge spans the Brisbane River connecting Kangaroo Point with Fortitude Valley.

The best way to experience the bridge is to walk on foot from either the Kangaroo Point or Fortitude Valley side.

Walking provides a feel for how long the bridge is, its impressive structure and offers some of the most beautiful views of Brisbane.

Like the Sydney Harbour Bridge, it’s possible to climb the Story Bridge.

The experience offers the best views of Brisbane.

Don’t miss: Book a twilight or night climb to see the sunset and Brisbane at its dazzling best at night!

To get the best perspective of the Story Bridge, head to the CBD and visit the waterfront.

The waterfront provides unobstructed views of the bridge which makes for an ideal photo opportunity.

Contributed by Tom from The Travelling Tom

Famous Landmarks In NSW

New South Wales (NSW) has the highest population in the country and is home to world famous beaches, UNESCO listed National Parks and some of the most famous buildings in Australia.

New South Wales red highlighted in map of Australia

Below we list some of the most internationally famous landmarks in NSW plus some local favourites.

6. Sydney Harbour Bridge

Sydney Harbour Bridge likely needs no introduction as it is one of the most famous landmarks in Sydney Australia.

It’s one of the most recognised bridges globally and is beamed onto TV screens worldwide every NYE during the famous Sydney Fireworks Show.

Location: Sydney, NSW
When to go:
Year round
Reviews: Read traveller reviews

Sydney Harbour Bridge and Opera House Sydney Australia

What makes the Sydney Harbour Bridge so special is its location spanning what is considered one of the world’s greatest harbours.

Opening in 1932, it took 8 years to build and spans the deepest natural harbour in the world. Along with a footpath, there is a cycleway, two railway lines and 7 lanes for cars, and a dedicated bus lane.

When visiting Sydney, you should make time in your itinerary to walk across, sail under and even climb the bridge.

All three experiences are worth the time and memorable in their own right.

Don’t Miss: The best time to visit is most certainly one of the two times that the bridge takes centre stage, New Year’s Eve and Vivid Sydney, usually held in May/June.

At these periods, the Bridge lights up, and it’s almost impossible to take your eyes off it.

Contributed by Paula from Australia Your Way

7. Bondi Beach

There are many beautiful beaches in Australia and Bondi Beach is one of them. For many decades it has been an iconic Sydney landmark.

Bondi Beach is a short 45-minutes away from the city centre and a popular destination for weekends away and holidays for both international and local tourists.

Location: Sydney, NSW
When to go:
Reviews: Read traveller reviews

Bondi Beach Sydney Australia

Bondi Beach stretches about 1 kilometre along the shoreline, with fine sand for sunbathing and consistent clean waves for swimmers and surfers year round.

Apart from swimming, the Bondi area offers so much more for all types of visitors.

Enjoy a meal at one of the many outdoor cafés or restaurants with views across to the ocean.

Take a walk along the famous beach or walk further along the coast to Coogee and Bronte, on the famous Bronte to Bondi coastal walk.

Don’t miss: Enjoy breath-taking views of the area from above the Bondi Iceberg Club, with salt water pools right by the ocean.

How to get to Bondi Beach

The easiest way to visit Bondi Beach is by car. However, the beach is also well connected with public transportation.

Take a train to Bondi Junction Station, and there are several local bus lines that head to the Beach in 15 minutes.

Contributed by Kenny from Knycx Journeying

8. Sydney Opera House

You’ve probably heard of this landmark as the iconic Sydney Opera House may be one of the most well known feats in modern architecture worldwide and one of the most famous landmarks in the world.

Built in 1959, the structure is made to mimic sails – suitable for its place next to the ferries and ships coming in and out of Sydney Harbour.

Location: Sydney, NSW
When to go:
Year round
Reviews: Read traveller reviews

Sydney Opera House on Sydney Harbour

There are several ways to enjoy the Opera House.

A walk from the harbour, along with the Botanic gardens and towards Mrs Macquarie’s Chair will provide ample views and famous Sydney photography locations, but there’s nothing like seeing a show here.

There are a large number of classic, contemporary or innovative performances to choose from, with some of the world’s greatest orchestras, dance and theatre companies often making an appearance.

You can also take a tour to see behind-the-scenes and get the lowdown on the history of the building, and providing a unique perspective of the architecture from beneath the surface.

Don’t miss: The Opera Bar, directly beside the Opera House itself and overlooking the Sydney Harbour Bridge too, is a wonderful way to enjoy a sundowner.

Sitting between these two iconic Australian landmarks with a glass of wine in hand really couldn’t be beaten for city sunset goals.

Contributed by Cass from Cassie The Hag

9. Cape Byron Lighthouse

Standing proud at the mainland’s most easterly point is the Cape Byron Lighthouse.

It commands spectacular views up and down the coastline and is a popular spot to to see the first rays of sun hitting mainland Australian shores at Sunrise.

Location: Bryon Bay, NSW
When to go:
Year round
Reviews: Read traveller reviews

Cape Byron Lighthouse NSW Landmark

Byron Bay is a popular holiday destination for families, international tourists and people backpacking the east coast of Australia.

With pretty beaches, a vibrant holiday town scene and easy access to the beautiful surrounding hinterland, there is much to love about Byron Bay.

The Cape Byron Lighthouse was built at the start of the 19th century and operated by lighthouse keepers until 1989.

You can visit the lighthouse and enjoy stunning views from the top as well as visit the small maritime museum nearby.

Then it is well worth taking the short walk down past the lighthouse so you can stand at the mainland’s most easterly point!

Don’t miss: Keep an eye out for stingrays and dolphins year round, and humpback whales from June – October.

How to get there

It is possible to visit Byron Bay as a day trip from the Gold Coast or Brisbane, but there is plenty to do here, so a longer visit is recommended.

Paid parking is available at the Lighthouse Precinct, but the very best way to approach the Lighthouse is on foot by way of the 3.7km Cape Byron loop walking track.

Start at Clarkes Beach and walk in a clock wise direction past Wategos Beach and up to the Lighthouse.

On the way back you’ll have fabulous views across to Tallow Beach and further south then through the rainforest back to the beach.

It is a gorgeous walk and a great way to appreciate the Lighthouse, surrounding forest, views and beaches.

Contributed by Us!

Famous Landmarks In Western Australia

Western Australia (WA) is our country’s largest state by land size and is home to the world’s most isolated city, Perth.

Western Australia red highlighted in map of Australia

It is also home to some of the most stunning natural landmarks in Australia.

Here are some of the most famous landmarks to visit in Western Australia.

10. Ningaloo Reef

Western Australia isn’t the first place most people think of when they imagine a beautiful reef home to some of Australia’s most unique marine life.

The Great Barrier Reef on the east coast often steals that crown. However the smaller and more accessible Ningaloo Marine Park might not be as big, but it’s just as beautiful.

Location: Ningaloo, WA
When to go:
March – September
Reviews: Read traveller reviews

Underwater coral and fish at Ningaloo Reef Coral Coast Australia

The Ningaloo Reef stretches for 260 km from Quobba to Exmouth and is a protected area within the Ningaloo Coast World Heritage Area.

Visiting the reef is easily one of the best trips from Perth on the West coast and one of the most impressive natural Australian landmarks.

The reef can be accessed from a few small towns dotted along the coast. However, the most popular town to base yourself in is Coral Bay.

From this location, you can explore some of the best areas of the reef.

The best part though? The Ningaloo Reef sits on average around 400 meters from the shore making it very accessible even without a tour.

In fact, in some parts of Coral Bay, you can swim meters from the shore and see a range of marine life including sharks, crayfish, octopus, fish, and more.

Don’t miss: Between the months of March and June you can swim with Whale Sharks.

Join a kayaking tour and head out to explore deeper parts or grab your scuba gear and go for a dive.

Regardless of how you explore, you need to see this amazing reef!

Contributed by Daniel from Destinationless Travel

11. Bungle Bungle Range

If you’re looking for one of the most famous landmarks in Western Australia, then look no further than The Bungle Bungles.

A magnificent natural rock formation located in Northern Western Australia, it is one of the most popular destinations for travellers on a road trip through the Kimberley region.

Location: Purnululu, WA
When to go:
May – August
Reviews: Read traveller reviews

Aerial view of the Bungle Bungle Ranges Western Australia

The Purnululu National Park was declared a World Heritage site in 2003 and is about 240,000 hectares in size.

Active faults altered the landscape and deposited materials over 300 million years ago, creating The Bungle Bungles that you see today.

The attraction consists of beehive-shaped domes made from pebbles, sandstone, and boulders cemented together over time.

Hiking through the Bungle Bungles is a fantastic way to experience this natural landmark.

For a truly memorable experience, take a scenic flight and admire these famous rock landmarks from the air.

Don’t miss: While you are there be sure to stop by Cathedral Gorge. Water surging through this area long ago created this natural red rock Amphitheatre.

How to get to The Bungle Bungles

Discovering certain parts of the Kimberleys requires a four-wheel drive and off-grid camping. As a result it is an area that not everyone will see in their lifetime.

But this shouldn’t deter you from going, as there are four-wheel drive tour companies that can help you get there.

Not only that, you can also stay at the purpose-built accommodation glamping tents close to the National Park.

Due to heat and rain the best time to visit Purnululu National Park is between May and October.

The temperatures tend to be a little lower during this time, in addition to the water levels being lower in creeks and waterbeds, making it easier to get around.

Contributed by Chris from Aquarius Traveller

12. Nature’s Window

Nature’s Window is one of the most well known and unique natural landmarks in Western Australia.

It is formed from Tumblagooda Sandstone that has eroded over time and created a natural window overlooking the winding gorge.

Location: Kalbarri, WA
When to go:
May – October
Reviews: Read traveller reviews

Nature's Window Kalbarri Western Australia.

The iconic window is only 500m from the car park in Kalbarri National Park, and it is reached by following a scenic trail overlooking the picturesque Murchison River.

It is a 1km return walk, which sounds like it is not very difficult to get to, but you need to be aware of the hot temperatures.

Don’t miss: Arrive at Sunrise or Sunset for spectacular views and colours across the Murchison River.

The best tip would be to visit early in the morning, before the midday heat kicks in, as in the harsh summer temperatures can reach 50C.

So wear sturdy shoes, take water, plan and get ready to take some epic pictures of or with this unique attraction.

How to get to Nature’s Window

Nature’s Window is located in Kalbarri, 6 hours north of Perth in Western Australia.

The best way to get there is with your own vehicle or with a tour group.

Contributed by Rachel from Average Lives

13. Rottnest Island

Rottnest Island is a stunning island located off the coast of Perth.

It is a famous landmark in Australia thanks to its very friendly residents, the quokka – often called ‘the happiest little animal on earth’!

In fact, Rottnest Island is the only place in the world you can find these adorable creatures.

Location: Offshore from Perth, WA
When to go:
November – May
Reviews: Read traveller reviews

Beach at Rottnest Island Western Australia

Quokkas are similar to a squirrel and are so abundant and friendly that you can even get a quokka selfie!

Aside from the local animal encounters, Rottnest is home to no less than 63 stunning beaches, each with dazzling white sand and warm, translucent waters.

It is a true paradise and worthy of inclusion in our list of famous places in Australia!

For keen divers and snorkelers, the marine life around the island will not disappoint.

Don’t miss: If you visit in April, or August to November, you’ll most likely bear witness to the most incredible bi-annual migration of southern right whales and humpback whales.

Watching the whales from the shoreline or from a kayak is an awe-inspiring experience. 

It’s worth nothing that the island is car-free, so the main ways to get around Rottnest Island are on foot or on bike.

There are also local buses operating two loops around the island, if you prefer.

One top tip for visiting is to go on a week day if you can, as weekends can be super busy with Perth families heading over.

How to get to Rottnest Island

Beautiful Rottnest Island is just a 25 minute ferry from Fremantle, adjacent to Perth.  

Contributed by Claire from Stoked to Travel

Famous Landmarks In South Australia

South Australia (SA) is home to internationally renowned wineries, the world’s largest opal mine and the majestic Flinders Ranges.

South Australia red highlighted in map of Australia

It is also home to one of the most significant geographical landmarks of Australia, Wilpena Pound.

14. Wilpena Pound

Wilpena Pound is a huge natural amphitheatre located in the Flinders Ranges, about 450km north of Adelaide in South Australia.

Visiting will take you back to nature and allow you the opportunity to experience some of the indigenous culture in the area.

Location: Flinders Ranges, SA
When to go: April – October
Reviews: Read traveller reviews

Natural landmark Wilpena Pound and Flinders Range South Australia

Wilpena Pound – or Ikara as it is known to the traditional owners – is one of the oldest areas in Australia and plays an important role in the dreaming stories of the local Adnyamathanha people.

You can learn about them during a guided aboriginal walk to sacred and rock art sites or during a bush tucker tour.

Activities in the area include hiking, scenic drives, and wildlife spotting.

Keep an eye out for the endangered quoll that have recently been reintroduced to the wild here.

Don’t miss: The best way to really appreciate Wilpena Pound is from the air. Take a scenic flight over the pound and see it rising up from the surrounding landscape.

Plan to visit Wilpena Pound during the cooler months of the year.

It is too hot in summer to comfortably experience the area and some things will be closed, particularly on fire ban days.

How to get to Wilpena Pound

Getting to Wilpena Pound is easiest by car, although there are also many tours that visit the area too. A car will give you flexibility to explore the area further.

While a 4WD is recommended for the more remote areas, you will have access to most places in a 2WD.

Contributed by Josie from Exploring South Australia

Famous Landmarks In Northern Territory

Technically a territory and not a state, the Northern Territory (NT), also known as the ‘Top End’ is home to crocodiles, the Outback and UNESCO listed National Parks.

Northern Territory red highlighted in map of Australia

There are plenty of famous landmarks in Northern Territory to include in your trip to Australia, including perhaps the most iconic Australian landmark, Uluru.

15. Uluru

Uluru (formerly Ayers Rock), is a giant sandstone monolith in Australia’s Red Centre.

To the Anangu people, the original inhabitants, Uluru is a sacred site, the resting place of ancient spirits.

Location: Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park, NT
When to go:
April – September
Reviews: Read traveller reviews

Uluru Ayers Rock Australia

To tourists, it’s one of the most famous landmarks in Australia and best known for the spectacular change in colours throughout the day, glowing a fiery red during sunrise and sunset.

From a distance, watching Uluru change colours is a memorable, somewhat spiritual experience.

Don’t miss: Up close, the distinct quality of Uluru’s magnificence, and its significance to the Anangu people, can be better appreciated.

Dotting the surface are valleys, ridges, holes, and caves shaped by erosion over millions of years.

At the base is a rich green belt dotted with waterholes, providing a source of food and water for the Aṉangu for 10,000 years.

One of the best ways to explore Uluru is by bicycle.

The circumference at the base is 9.4 kilometres. The bike path to and from the bike rental station is around 15 kilometres.

Take advantage of the many side paths to enjoy rock art and read information boards describing geological features, Dreamtime stories, and local flora and fauna.

Don’t be surprised if cycling around Uluru is the highlight of your trip.

How to get to Uluru

Uluru is 450 kilometres from Alice Springs.

Most visitors travel to Uluru by plane or coach and stay at Yulara, Ayers Rock Resort, 18 kilometres from Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park.

Renting a vehicle in Alice Springs or at Uluru (resort or airport) allows visitors to explore independently at their own pace.

Contributed by Anne from Packing Light Travel

16. Kata Tjuta

Kata Tjuta (The Olgas), are in Central Australia within the Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park.

While Uluru is usually the main reason for visiting this remote part of Australia, the Olgas are famous landmarks in Northern Territory and well worth seeing in their own right.

Location: Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park, NT
When to go:
April – September
Reviews: Read traveller reviews

Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park Northern Territory

Made of 36 steeping red domes, the Olgas cover a greater area than Uluru and the largest dome is 200m taller than Uluru – so they are quite a sight.

A highlight of the Olgas is being able to walk between and over some of the domes on the Valley of the Winds walk.

The 7.4km, 3-4 hour walk is challenging but provides an immersive experience that lets you really appreciate the size, shape and texture of the domes.

Don’t miss: The domes are striking at sunset and sunrise with dedicated viewing areas for people to watch the rocks, sky and landscape change colour.

How to get to Kata Tjuta

You can drive to Kata Tjuta, but it is 1500km from the nearest capital city.

Flights are available into Alice Spring and you can hire a car to drive the 450km to the Yulara Resort or you can fly into Ayres Rock Airport.

The best time to visit is April to October. The nights will be cool, but the daytime temperatures are perfect for sightseeing.

Two tips if you do visit in the warmer months:

  • Be aware that some walking trails close early if the temperature is over 36 degrees
  • Definitely pack a fly net to slip over your hat to keep the flies away!

Contributed by Natalie from Curious Campers

17. Simpson Desert

When most people think about Australia, they imagine white sandy beaches and dramatic coastlines.

Yet more than 70% of the Australian landmass is taken up by arid and semi-arid deserts that give the continent its red hue when seen from space.

Location: Old Andado Station, NT
When to go:
April – October
Reviews: Read traveller reviews

Sand Dune at Old Andado Simpson Desert Australia

A good place to experience Australia’s harsh interior is the wild and remote Simpson Desert.

One of the most striking Australian environments, the Simpson Desert has one of the most famous landforms in Australia – the world’s longest parallel sand dunes – some of them are 200 kilometres long.

But it is not just about how long these dunes are. Their colour is just as unbelievable.

The Simpson Desert is the world of the towering bright orange dunes set against the backdrop of clear blue sky with an occasional splash of green from the sparse vegetation.

Despite the harsh conditions, the desert is home to a variety of Australian desert animals from dingos and hopping mice to burrowing frogs and thorny lizards.

Don’t miss: A unique way to experience the Simpson Desert is to spend a night or two at Old Andado Station.

Old Andado Station is an iconic homestead that has been restored to its original 1920s condition.

It is almost impossible to believe that people lived here, raising sheep and cattle, before the days of mains electricity, running water or even glass windows.

How to get to Andado Station

The station lies 378 km west of Alice Springs via Santa Teresa road and you will need a 4WD to navigate it.

There is some basic accommodation at the homestead, but a better option is to camp – to fall asleep under the starry sky and wake up in the shadow of orange sand dunes.

Contributed by Margarita from The Wildlife Diaries

18. Ubirr

Ubirr is one of the most important Aboriginal landmarks in Australia and is home to some of the world’s best rock art.

This region of Northern Australia has been home to the Traditional Owners for over 20,000 years.

Their presence has resulted in over 5,000 rock art sites being created and protected throughout Kakadu National Park.

Location: Kakadu National Park, NT
When to go:
May – September
Reviews: Read traveller reviews

Indigenous rock art at Ubirr, Kakadu National Park

In addition to the stunning Aboriginal art sites, Ubirr offers fantastic views across the Nadab floodplains and woodland that contrast sharply against the reds and yellows of the rocks.

Wallabies are usually present and can be seen from the Ubirr lookout too.

Don’t miss: Free ranger guided tours are available at Ubirr. They are a great way to learn more about the rock art and history of the local people.

While visiting Kakadu National Park, other rock art sites to visit include Nourlangie, the oldest rock art globally and a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and the smaller yet fascinating Nanguluwurr Gallery.

Contributed by Patricia from Ze Wandering Frogs

19. Nitmiluk Gorge

Nitmiluk Gorge (formerly Katherine Gorge) is actually 13 spectacular sandstone gorges and is located within Nitmiluk National Park, not far from the town of Katherine.

Whether you hike, paddle or cruise along the gorges, Nitmiluk Gorge is one of the best Central Australia landmarks to visit on a NT road trip.

Location: Katherine, NT
When to go:
April – September
Reviews: Read traveller reviews

View of Nitmiluk Gorge Katherine

The Katherine River weaves its way through the gorge, which is home to indigenous rock art, hidden billabongs and pretty waterfalls.

Once the wet season finishes, the gorge and surrounding area opens up to visitors to explore more widely.

Take a cruise through the gorge and learn about the history of the gorge and its Traditional Owners, the Jawoyn and Dagomen People.

A walk to the lookout for Sunset or Sunrise is a great way to appreciate the scale and beauty of the gorge as the light bounces off the sandstone walls.

Don’t miss: Renting a canoe and paddling up the gorge to explore it at a slower pace.

For hikers, there are plenty of longer hikes and multi-day treks in the area.

Note that day time temperatures soar from September to April, so plan to hike early in the day and carry 3-4 litres of water per person.

Central Australia is a great destination for families with older kids looking for a little adventure and we highly recommend it.

Contributed by Us!

Famous Landmarks In Victoria

Victoria (VIC) has the second highest population in Australia and is home to the second most liveable city in the world, Melbourne.

Victoria red highlighted in map of Australia

A sport loving state, Victoria is home to one of the most famous built landmarks in Australia, the Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG) as well as home to one of the best road trips in the country, the Great Ocean Road.

20. Great Ocean Road

The Great Ocean Road is an Australian icon, one of the world’s best road trips, and is also the biggest war memorial in the world.

Location: From Torquay to Allansford, VIC
When to go:
October – March
Reviews: Read traveller reviews

Great Ocean Road Victoria Historical Landmark

The Great Ocean Road stretches 243km (approx 150 miles) along the Victorian coastline and inland through the Otway Ranges.

It was built between 1919 and 1932 by returned soldiers to honour those who served and lost their lives during World War I.

It took over 10 years to complete due to the dangerous nature of the work, and today is an incredible holiday destination much loved by Australian and international visitors alike.

The Great Ocean Road offers visitors amazing views, gorgeous beaches, laid back seaside towns, National Parks, local wineries and breweries and a cafe scene to die for.

Don’t miss: Take a short detour along Lighthouse Road to the Cape Otway Lighthouse to see koalas in their natural habitat high up in the trees alongside the road.

It is also the route to take to visit the stunning limestone stacks of the 12 Apostles (and other natural wonders of the 12 Apostles Marine Park), for which the road is famous for.

How to get to the Great Ocean Road

It takes approximately 90 minutes to reach the start of the Great Ocean Road when driving from Melbourne.

We recommend you take a minimum of 2-3 days to drive along it to ensure you see and enjoy as much as you can.

It can be particularly busy during the summer months, during Christmas and Easter holidays.

As such we recommend Spring and Autumn as the best times to visit where you should have good weather and smaller crowds.

Although, being in Victoria it is best to pack for 4 seasons no matter what time of year you visit!

Contributed by Vicki from Great Ocean Road Guide

21. Twelve Apostles

The Twelve Apostles are enormous limestone cliffs protruding out of the ocean, which were formed millions of years ago.

The 12 Apostles must be on anyone’s list to visit on a trip to Victoria as they are one of the most beautiful natural landmarks in Australia.

Location: Port Campbell National Park, VIC
When to go:
January – March
Reviews: Read traveller reviews

12 Apostles Victoria

Many tourists from all over the world visit the famous sight, which is also part of a bigger journey to travel known as the Great Ocean Road.

Time and erosion have taken several of the Apostles, but seven still remain to admire.

Don’t miss: They are a particularly beautiful sight at sunrise or sunset.

Since the Twelve Apostles are one of the most famous landmarks in Victoria Australia, we recommend arriving an hour or so before sunset or an hour before sunrise to get a good viewing spot.

If you wish to visit during the day, the best time to visit is before 11am before the crowds arrive from Melbourne.

How to get to the Twelve Apostles

The best way to visit the Twelve Apostles is by car and taking a road trip from Melbourne.

The drive from Melbourne to the 12 Apostles is around 275 kilometres, around 4 hours’ driving time.

Due to the long driving time (8 hours total there and back) it is a great idea to make a 2 or 3-day road trip, visiting other sites on the Great Ocean Road.

Contributed by Kerrie from Just Go Travelling

Famous Landmarks In Tasmania

Our most southern state, Tasmania (TAS) is home to some of the most pristine natural landmarks of Australia.

Tasmania red highlighted in map of Australia

The perfect road trip destination, Tasmania has vibrant museums, UNESCO listed National Parks and foodie destinations to explore.

22. Cradle Mountain

It’s not the highest mountain in the country, or even in Tasmania, but Cradle Mountain is undeniably one of the most iconic wilderness landmarks in Australia.

The allure of this cragged peak is its dramatic setting against several glacially formed lakes, which makes for the perfect shot for those willing to work for it.

Location: Central Highlands, TAS
When to go:
November – April
Reviews: Read traveller reviews

Cradle Mountain Tasmania from Dove Lake at sunset

If you are looking to summit the peak, you will be rewarded with incredible views at the end of the moderate half-day hike to the top.

Bring shoes with good traction, as the final leg of the summit requires some bouldering, and fog and rain can make the rocks slippery.

Cradle Mountain-Lake St Clair National Park offers many walking trails of all shapes and sizes from short hour-long strolls along Dove Lake to the famous Overland Track, a multi-day bushwalking track connecting the park’s two namesakes.

Don’t miss: The opportunity to see Australian animals like echidnas, wombats, platypus’ and the elusive Tasmanian devils.

Visit from December to March for the warmest weather.

However you choose to experience it, Cradle Mountain is an excellent Australian landmark to add to your Tasmanian itinerary.

Contributed by Nate from Travel Lemming

23. MONA

MONA (or the Museum of Old and New Art) has become one of the main drawcards in the little state of Tasmania.

Located a quick ferry ride from central Hobart, this now world-famous museum is one of the most quirky, fun and thought provoking man made landmarks in Australia.

Location: Berriedale, TAS
When to go:
Year round
Reviews: Read traveller reviews

Butterfly skull exhibit at MONA Tasmania

Created by visionary David Walsh, everything about MONA is impressive.

To enter the museum, you take an elevator down three stories underground where the museum entrance is bored through the sandstone rock on either side.

The exhibits feature a wide range of artistic endeavours, from the more traditional, such as some of Australian painter Sydney Nolan’s work to the Death Gallery where visitors can view an unopened Egyptian sarcophagus with an MRI that shows what’s inside.

Don’t miss: Catch the ferry from the Brooke Street Pier and approach MONA from the water on the Derwent River.

The outdoor area of MONA is also worth exploring – there’s open-air art with sculptures dotted around the grounds.

There’s a gorgeous wine bar, a winery with a cellar door experience and The Source restaurant all serving up treats.

MONA is arguably Australia’s most famous museum and is a major tourist site in Hobart.

Contributed by Emma from Emma Jane Explores

24. Port Arthur Historic Site

One of the most popular and alluring historical landmarks in Australia is the World Heritage-listed Port Arthur site.

One of the most well-known Tasmanian landmarks, the penal settlement dates back to 1830 and was deemed the ‘inescapable prison’ due to Port Arthur being separated from Tasmania by a narrow neck of land.

Location: Port Arthur, TAS
When to go: November – May
Reviews: Read traveller reviews

Port Arthur historical site Tasmania

Take a scenic 90-minute drive from Hobart along the Arthur Highway through farmlands and forests to reach Port Arthur at the southern tip of the Tasman Peninsula.

Housing over 12,500 convicts until it closed in 1877, Port Arthur is an important heritage destination and is rich in history.

The outdoor site houses over 30 buildings and ruins over an area spanning more than 40 hectares, which is why the entry ticket includes two consecutive days.

The inclusion of a 40-minute guided tour and a 25-minute harbour cruise both share fascinating historical information and offer an orientation to the site.

Visitors can also learn about the site through interactive exhibits and displays.

When not on tour visitors are welcome to wander the manicured gardens and grounds at their leisure. 

Don’t miss: To gain more from the visit there are several additional tours including the isle of the dead cemetery tour and a Port Arthur ghost tour which are based around sharing stories of the people in Port Arthur.

If time permits this journey offers great places to stop and stunning coastal scenery to see, such as The Blow Hole and Tasman Arch.

Contributed by Sharee from Inspire Family Travel

25. Wineglass Bay

Known as the jewel of Tasmania’s east coast, Wineglass Bay is one of the most stunning geographical landmarks in Australia.

Located on the Freycinet Peninsula, this area is renowned for its beautiful white sand beaches, jagged mountain peaks called ‘the Hazards’, and great hiking trails.

Location: Freycinet National Park, TAS
When to go:
Year round
Reviews: Read traveller reviews

Wineglass Bay Tasmania

Freycinet National Park is located 125 km north of Hobart, or 150 km south east of Launceston.

It is one of the most popular road trip stops along Tasmania’s east coast drive.

Wineglass Bay itself is not directly accessible by car as it is located inside Freycinet National Park.

The hike to Wineglass Bay Lookout is approximately 1 hour return from the carpark.

To reach Wineglass Bay Beach you’ll have to go a little further (approximately 3 hours return), but it’s an easy hike and well worth the extra time.

Some other great hiking trails include:

  • Hazards Beach Circuit (5 hours), which takes you via Wineglass Bay Beach
  • Mount Amos (5-6 hours return), which is much more challenging but offers the most spectacular vantage point over Wineglass Bay.

It’s possible to visit Freycinet National Park on a day trip from Hobart or Launceston.

However, staying a night or two days will allow you to explore the many other things to do around Freycinet National Park.

Don’t miss: Visit an oyster farm in the area and enjoy freshly shucked oysters, paired perfectly with a glass of locally produced white wine.

If hiking isn’t your jam, check out the many great local wineries such as Devil’s Corner, which offers a spectacular view over Coles Bay.

Or see the local fairy penguin colonies in nearby Bicheno.

Contributed by Amanda from Fly Stay Luxe

Other Iconic Landmarks In Australia

There are many more famous Australian places worthy of inclusion in this list.

We have listed some of them below to help you planning your next Australian holiday.

Where is your favourite landmark in Australia? Let us know in the comments below!

I hope you discovered some new national landmarks to explore in our list of famous landmarks of Australia.

If you are planning a trip in Australia, you can find more Australia travel articles here or feed your wanderlust with all our destination guides.

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Rachel Rodda

Rachel is the founder of Adventure and Sunshine. She has been exploring the world with a backpack for over 20 years and is passionate about adventure travel. She threw it all in to take her kids around the world on a Family Gap Year and loves to help others adventure more.

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